Four years ago when cars like the Nissan LEAF and Chevrolet Volt hit dealer lots around the world, those eager to be early-adopters of plug-in car technology had to contend with the unfortunate realisation that public charging infrastructure in many places was at best unreliable and tough to use, and at worst, non-existent.
A few years later, despite massive public and private investment in public charging, those same early adopters had a new foe: drivers of internal-combustion engine (ICE) cars who parked in spots reserved for electric car charging, blocking plug-in drivers from using the few charging stations which did work.
Now there’s a new menace to plug-in car owners around the world, but this time it comes from within: owners of plug-in cars who treat publicly-available charging stations as their own private charging station or worse-still, parking space.
It’s a problem we’ve covered here before on Transport Evolved, with occasional reports from frustrated electric car owners finding that a charging spot is either taken up by a parked car that’s not connected to the charger, or has finished charging but has not moved.
In recent months that problem has become more common, resulting in some heated discussion among plug-in car owners over usage restrictions or penalties for those who abuse public charging provision.
Charging networks like UK-based utility company and Electric Highway charging provider Ecotricity are acutely aware of this growing problem, and are working hard to solve it. In Ecotricity’s case, that means working with host sites to ensure parking restrictions ban cars not charging from parking in electric car charging bays, enforcing parking penalties where possible, and encouraging its users to be proactive in reporting those who violate those rules.
Now the nationwide charging provider is going one step further: publicly asking those who use its network to practice decent charging etiquette.
Currently, Ecotricity doesn’t make a charge for electric car owners to use its nationwide network of DC quick chargers. Nor does it mandate any time-based or use-based restrictions. While that does mean that British electric car drivers can — if they’re willing to set aside the time it takes to charge — drive from one end of the country to the other for free, it also means some owners are taking advantage of the service.
In turn, the minority of inconsiderate drivers have caused a mass of Internet forum threads and social media outbursts from those who feel public charging is being spoiled for the majority. One particular group of plug-in owners — those with Mitsubishi Outlander plug-in hybrids — seem to be causing a lot of frustration.
The whipping boy?
With a 2.0-litre gasoline engine and a 12 kilowatt-hour lithium-ion battery pack, the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV is a very versatile vehicle, operating in all-electric mode for about 25-30 miles before needing a refill or switching over to its internal combustion engine. Europe’s most popular plug-in vehicle of 2014, the Outlander plug-in hybrid has become a common site on the roads and a common site at motorway charging stations thanks in part to it being the only plug-in hybrid on the market today with a CHAdeMO DC quick charge port as standard.
Like the Nissan LEAF, Mitsubishi i-Miev and Kia Soul EV, that means the Outlander PHEV can make use of CHAdeMO DC quick charging stations, refilling its battery pack from empty to 80 percent full in around 20 minutes and delaying the use of its gasoline engine for its owner for another 25 miles or so.
Unlike all-electric cars however, the Outlander PHEV doesn’t need to plug in in order to be driven, and it’s leading to a spat among plug-in owners. It’s something regular Transport Evolved panelist Chelsea Sexton often calls the “Circular Firing Squad” of plug-in advocacy: owners fighting among themselves over need and priority of charging when every plug-in car is and should be allowed to make use of it.
To calm things down earlier this week and following continued complaints from owners concerning Mitsubishi Outlanders parking in the charging space while not even charging, @Elechighway, Ecotricity’s official Twitter feed for the Electric Highway, made the following plea:
Polite notice to Outlander Drivers: as quick to charge please disconnect and move car as soon as charged. Other EV owners may be waiting!
— Electric Highway (@ElecHighway) February 1, 2015
Here at Transport Evolved, several of us on the editorial team have come across Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV cars parked at Ecotricity charging spots without being plugged in. For the most part however, the majority of Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV owners we’ve met seem to be just as capable of using the provided charging infrastructure in a courteous and considerate way.
As the most popular plug-in car of 2014 however, there’s one fact we think might be overlooked: the more people own a particular make or model of car, the higher the possibility will be that you’ll encounter someone who isn’t as nice or as considerate as the majority.
In other words, more Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV owners are getting the majority of the negativity aimed towards inconsiderate public charging station use because there are more of them than other plug-in car owners. And as a consequence, there will be a higher number of d**ks spoiling it for everyone else, regardless of how well-behaved and considerate the majority are.
Playing by the rules
We’ve said it before and we’re about to say it again. In order for electric car charging networks to work for everyone, those who use them have to be reasonable about their expectations of what is essentially a free-to-use network, considerate towards others, and understand that no charging network is there for their own personal use.
Like any shared public service — even though they are usually provided by private companies — charging networks are there for the good of all plug-in drivers. And as the networks increase in popularity, those who plan to make use of them need to understand that adding extra time to their journey to allow for any queues which may or may not exist should be a prerequisite of any long-trip.
When long-distance trips are concerned, those who decide to make use of motorway or freeway rapid charging points to extend the range of electric cars beyond their usual daily range should understand that they trade the convenience, cost and pollution of driving a conventional gasoline or diesel-powered car with the green credentials and low-cost of driving electric. Sadly, that also includes being prepared to allow extra time and being willing to accept that sometimes others will be using the infrastructure too.
Similarly, those with plug-in cars who don’t intend to charge should park elsewhere, and leave charging provision for those who really need it.
It’s all summed up by well-known actor Wil Wheaton, whose famous ‘don’t be a dick’ law.
Or to put it more politely, as Simon Crowfoot, MD of Ecotricity’s Electric Highway project puts it:
Ecotricity’s electric highway is an open nationwide network, currently free to join, free to use and powered by renewable energy. We encourage our registered customers to behave respectfully to other users and to abide by our terms and conditions of use. We also publish and distribute a ‘good etiquette guide’ to encourage users to behave fairly. It is in the interests of all drivers to respect this code as we all transition to lower emissions travel.
Either way, it boils down to remembering what our parents taught us as children: be fair, be kind, and think of others. And regardless of the plug-in vehicle, everyone should be allowed to plug in if the infrastructure exists.
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